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Sunday, October 25, 2020
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Hi, you are here to read Albert Einstein Biography. Here you will get the most important information about Albert einstein. Let’s patiently read. Albert Einstein was born on 14 March 1879. He was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity. He is best known to the general public for his mass-energy equivalent formula E = mc2, which has been dubbed the “most famous equation in the world”. An important step in the development of quantum theory, he awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery in the field of theoretical physics, and in particular for his discovery of the law concerning the photoelectric effect.

Einstein, the son of a salesman who later ran an electronic chemical factory, was born in the German Empire but moved to Switzerland in 1895 and relinquished his German citizenship in 1896. He received his Diploma in Academic Education from the Swiss Federal Polytechnic, specializing in Physics and Mathematics. The school (German: eidgenössische Polytechnic in Schule, later ETH) in Zurich in 1900.

Early in his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer sufficient to match the laws of the electromagnetic field with the laws of classical mechanics, which led him to develop a special theory of relativity during his time at the Swiss Patent Office. In 1905, known as his Anus Mirabilis (Miracle Year), he published four groundbreaking papers that drew the attention of the academic world; The first paper describes the theory of photoelectric effect, the second paper explains Brownian motion, the third paper presents special relativity and the fourth mass-energy equation. That year, at the age of 26, he earned his Ph.D. By the University of Zurich. Okay, let’s start to read full Albert Einstein Biography below.

Academic Career From Albert Einstein Biography

As Einstein’s reputation as a theoretical physicist grew, so did his opportunities in the academic arena. A year after becoming a lecturer at the University of Bern, he appointed associate professor of physics at the University of Zurich. He then became a full professor at the University of Prague in 1911 and returned to Zurich a year later as a full professor. His academic career peaked when he became a professor at the University of Berlin and a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. At the University of Berlin, Einstein earned the salary of a professor without teaching. It allows him to focus full time on research and development of new theories. He also served as director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics. Einstein lived at the University of Berlin in the early 1930s.

World War II

Einstein considered himself peaceful, but he did not accept the existing nationalist politics in Germany. During World War I, nineteen famous German scientists, artists, and scholars signed a proclamation supporting Germany in the war. Einstein, however, refused to sign a counter-declaration protesting Germany’s involvement in the war.

Despite living in Germany during World War I, the war seemed to have had little effect on Einstein’s academic and scientific careers. In 1915, a year after the start of the war, Einstein completed his Theory of General Relativity. This work was arguably his best achievement and is considered one of the best scientific theories in history. His academic career continued to develop even during the war.

World traveler

Long after World War I, Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity confirmed by experiments conducted on reflective streetlights during an eclipse in 1919. He became instantly famous. Universities and scholars from around the world invited him to visit their country and give lectures on his better theories. He traveled the world most of the time from 1921 to 1923 and spoke to various groups of students and scientists. He met with several world leaders, including US President Harding, the Emperor of Japan, and the King of Spain.

Nobel Prize Is Part of Albert Einstein Biography

Einstein has awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics In 1922. It was for his services to theoretical physics, and in particular for his discovery of the law of photoelectric effects. Oddly enough, Einstein never received a Nobel Prize for his work on relativity. Einstein slapped the omission and decided to travel to Sweden without paying the prize. When Einstein finally gave a formal acceptance speech later that year, he talked about relativity rather than the photoelectric effect.

Personal life and divorce

Einstein married Mileva Merrick in 1903, and they had two sons, Hans Albert and Edward. In 1914, Merrick discovered that Einstein was in love with his cousin Elsa. The two lived separately for the next five years. Einstein lived in Berlin, Marik, and the boys lived in Zurich. They finally divorced in 1919.

Einstein married Elsa long after the divorce. They were married until Elsa died in 1936.

Funny facts

Einstein not proposed as his first professor for almost four years after he changed the world of modern physics with his “Miracle Year” paper in 1905.

The Nobel Prize brought in a financial prize of 32 32,250, which was substantial in 1921. The money has given to Merrick, Einstein’s ex-wife, as part of a divorce settlement

Marriage and children From Albert Einstein Biography

Albert and Mileva Einstein, 1912

The earliest correspondence between Einstein and Mario discovered and published in 1987, revealing that the couple had given birth to a daughter, Lizerel, in early 1902, where Navi Sade Marie was staying with her parents. Mary returned to Switzerland without her child, whose real name and fate are unknown. The contents of Einstein’s letter in September 1903 suggest that the girl was either abandoned for adoption or died of scarlet fever as a child.

Einstein is feeling comfortable and holding the pipe, smiling, standing next to the well-dressed Elsa, who is wearing a fancy hat and fur wrapper. He is looking at her.

In 192, Albert Einstein with his 2nd wife, her name is Elsa,

Einstein and Mary were married in January 1903. Their son Hans Albert Einstein was born in May 1904 in Bern, Switzerland. Their son Edward was born in July 1910 in Zurich. The couple moved to Berlin in April 1914, but Mary returned to Jericho with their son, saying that Einstein’s main romantic attraction was his first and second cousin, Elsa. They divorced on February 14, 1919, after being separated for five years. Edward had a breakdown when he was about 20 years old and diagnosed with schizophrenia. His mother took care of him, and he was promised asylum for several years, eventually committing permanently after his death.

Einstein wrote to his first love Mary Winteler, about his marriage and his feelings for her. It was in a letter published in 2015. He wrote in 1910 when his wife was pregnant with their second child. “I feel you in sincere love every extra moment and be as dissatisfied as a man can be.” He talks about “confused love” and  “missed life” about his love for Marie.

Einstein married Elsa Laventhal in 1919 after a relationship with him from 1912. She was the first maternity and second cousin in Maternal. They moved to the United States in 1933. In 1935, Elsa diagnosed with heart and kidney problems, and In December 1936, she died. Einstein fell in love with Betty Newman In 1923, the niece of a close friend of Hans Mohsin. Later, Einstein was in a brief relationship with Margarita Konenkova after the death of his second wife, Elsa. Konikikova was a Russian spy who married the famous Russian sculptor Sergei Konenkov (who made Einstein’s bronze bust at “Princeton’s Institute” for Advanced Study).

Patent office

A young man with curly hair, a plaid suit and vest, a striped shirt, and a young man wearing a tie, a mustache head, and shoulder shot.

Albert Einstein (age 25) in 1904

After graduating in 1900, Einstein spent nearly two frustrating years looking for a teaching post. He obtained Swiss citizenship in February 1901 but was not appointed due to medical reasons. With the help of Marcel Grossman’s father, he got a job at the Federal Office for Intellectual Property, a patent office in Bern, as a third-level assistant examiner.

Einstein priced patent applications for a variety of devices, including a gravel picker and an electromechanical typewriter. His position in the Swiss Patent Office became permanent in 1903, although he passed for promotion until he “fully mastered machine technology.”

Much of his work in the patent office on questions relating to electronic signal transmission and the electro-mechanical integration of time, two technical problems that are evident in thought tests that ultimately led Einstein to make fundamental conclusions about the nature of light. The basic connection between space and time.

Three young men in high white collars and suits with bows are sitting. Founders of Olympia Academy: Conrad Hobbitt, Maurice Slovene and Einstein After meeting a few of his followers in Bern, Einstein started a small discussion group in 1902, self-deprecatingly named “The Olympia Academy”, which met regularly to discuss science and philosophy. His teaching included works by Henry Pinkard, Ernst Match, and David Hume, which influenced his scientific and philosophical views.

The first scientific paper

In 1900, Einstein’s paper “Falgarungen Haus dan Capillariettserchangen” (“Conclusion from Capillary Phenomena”) was published in a journal called Analine der Physics. On April 30, 1905, Einstein completed the thesis with Professor Alfred Kleiner of Experimental Physics, serving as a form-pro-consultant. As a result, Einstein received his Ph.D. award from the University of Zurich, with a new determination of his research into a molecular dimension.

In 1905, called Einstein’s Anas Mirabilis (The Amazing Year), he published four groundbreaking papers on the effects of illumination, Brownian motion, special relativity, and the equivalence of mass and energy, which brought him to the attention of the academic world at the age of 26.

Travels abroad 1921–1922

Einstein first visited New York City on April 2, 1921. Where he was given an official welcome by Mayor John Francis Hillan. Followed by a three-week speech and reception. He gave various lectures at Columbia University and Princeton University. And in Washington, he went to the White House with representatives from the National Academy of Sciences. Back in Europe, he was a guest of the British politician and philosopher Viscount Haldane in London. Where he met with several well-known scientists, intellectuals. And political figures and gave a lecture at King’s College London.

He also published the article “My First Impressions of the USA” in July 1921. In which he briefly attempted to describe some of the characteristics of Americans, including Alexis de Tokville (1835). Who made his mark on democracy in America. Einstein was surprised by some of his observations. “What happens in a visitor’s life is a joyful, positive attitude toward life. Americans are friendly, confident, optimistic, and without violence.”

In 1922, he took his travels to Asia, and later to Palestine, as part of a six-month tour. And lecture tour, he toured Singapore, Ceylon, and Japan, where he gave multiple lectures to several thousand Japanese. After his first public speech, he met with the emperor and empress at the Imperial Palace. Where thousands of people came to see him. In a letter addressed to his sons, he described his perception of the Japanese as humble, intelligent, considerate. And the right feeling for art. In his travel diary from his Asia tour of 1922-23, he expressed some views about the Chinese, Japanese and Indian peoples. He described as xenophobic and racist when rediscovered in 2018.

Travel to the US

In December 1930, Einstein visited. The United States for the second time as a research fellow at the California Institute of Technology referred to as a two-month work tour.

After national attention, he found her during her first trip to the United States. She and her management aimed to protect her privacy. Although equipped with telegrams and invitations to receive awards or to speak in public, he declined them.

Upon his arrival in New York City. Einstein has taken to various venues and events, including a luncheon with the editors of Chinatown. The New York Times, and Carmen’s performance at the Metropolitan Opera, to the delight of the audience.

In the days that followed. He gave the keys to the city by Mayor Jimmy Walker and met with the president of Columbia University. Described Einstein as the “ruling king of the mind.” Harry Emerson Fosdick. The pastor of Riverside Church in New York. Showed Einstein around the church and showed him a full-size statue of the church that Einstein had built. Standing at the entrance.

Also, during his stay in New York. He joined a crowd of 15,000 in Madison Square Garden during the Hanukkah celebrations. Einstein (left) and Charlie Chaplin at the Hollywood premiere of City Lights in January 1931 Einstein then traveled to California. He met with Caltech President and Nobel Laureate Robert A. Silicon.

His friendship with Robert A. Millikan “awkward” because of Robert A. Millikan “an austerity of patriotic militarism,” where Einstein a pronounced pacifist. Addressing students at Caltech, Einstein noted that science often tended to do more harm than good. When you read about travel story from Albert Einstein Biography you feel better that was the amazing part of his life.

Immigration to the US in 1933

1933: Immigration to the United States. The cartoon of Einstein, who spread his “pacifism” wings, stands next to a pillar called “World Peace”. He is cutting off his hand and holding a sword labeled “preparation”. Einstein’s cartoon after spreading its “pacifist” wings (Charles R. Macaulay, C. 1933)

During a visit to the United States in February 1933, Einstein learned that he would not be able to return to Germany as the Nazis’ power increased under the new German Chancellor, Adolf Hitler.

At American universities in early 1933, he took a third two-month visiting professorship at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. He and his wife Elsa returned to Europe in March, and during this visit, they learned that the German Reichstag had passed the Enforcement Act, which passed on March 23, and that Hitler’s government was legally dictatorial and they would not be able to go to Berlin. They later heard that their cottage had raided by the Nazis, and his private boat had confiscated. Arriving in Antwerp, Belgium on March 28, he immediately went to the German consulate, surrendered his passport, and officially renounced his German citizenship. The Nazis sold his boat and converted his cottage into a Hitler youth camp.

Provided Resident Scholar by the Institute for Advanced Study

Portrait of Einstein taken in Princeton in 1935. Einstein returned to the United States in October 1933 to take up a position at the Institute for Advanced Study, noting that he had taken refuge in scientists who had fled Nazi Germany. At the time, most American universities, including Harvard, Princeton, and Yale, had minimal or no Jewish faculty or students as a result of the Jewish quota, which lasted until the late 1940s.

Einstein still worried about his future. He received offers from several European universities, including Christchurch, Oxford, where he stayed for three short periods between May 1931 and June 1933 and offered a five-year scholarship.

Until his death in 1955, he associated with Einstein’s Institute for Advanced Study. He one of the first four selected at the new institute (one of the two was John von Newman and Kurt Goodell), where he soon formed a close friendship. Godel. The two of them will take a long walk together with their work. His assistant Bruria Kaufman later became a physicist. During this time, Einstein tried unsuccessfully to refute both the development of unified field theory and the acceptable interpretation of quantum physics.

World War II and the Manhattan Project

See also: Einstein – Silzard’s letter. In 1939, a team of Hungarian scientists, including the Emgri physicist Lee Lee Sigillard, tried to warn Washington about the ongoing Nazi atomic bomb research. Group warnings waived.

Einstein and Silzard, and other refugees such as Edward Taylor and Eugene Wigner, considered it their responsibility to warn Americans about the possibility that German scientists could win the race to build an atomic bomb and to be more vigilant than Hitler. Willing to take up arms. ”

To make sure that America aware of this danger, Silzard and Wigner visited Einstein in Europe in July 1939, a few months before the start of World War II, to explain the possibility of an atomic bomb, which Einstein said he had never considered.

He wrote a letter to President Roosevelt asking for his support, urging the United States to pay attention and engage in its nuclear weapons research. The letter observed as a big incentive for the United States to undertake a serious investigation into nuclear weapons in the run-up to World War II.”

Some said that as a result of Einstein’s letter and his meeting with Roosevelt, America entered the “race” to develop the bomb and drew its “immense material, financial and scientific resources” to start the Manhattan Project.

In 1954, a year before his death, Einstein told his old friend, Linus Pauling, “I made a big mistake in my life when I signed a letter to President Roosevelt advising him to build an atomic bomb. But there were several justifications, and Germans made them. Dangers that will. You can feel better for Albert Einstein Biography if you already read this part.

Albert Einstein Biography of US citizenship

Einstein is receiving a certificate in the USA. Citizenship from Judge Philip Foreman Einstein became an American citizen in 1940. Long after settling into a career at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. He praised the genius in American culture compared to Europe.

Einstein joined in Princeton National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), where he campaigned for the civil rights of African Americans. He saw racism as American “worst disease”, seeing it as “passed from one generation to the next,” as part of his involvement. E. B. Wrote to Du Bois and was ready to testify on his behalf during his 1951 trial.

In 1946 Einstein visited the University of Lincoln in Pennsylvania, historically it was a black college, where he awarded an honorary degree. Lincoln was the first university in the United States to offer college degrees to African Americans; alumni include Langston Hughes and Thurgood Marshall. Einstein made a statement about racism in America and added, “I don’t want to be silent on this issue.” A Princeton resident recalls that Einstein once offered college tuition for a black student.

Albert Einstein Biography of His Personal life

Einstein was a leading figure in helping to establish the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, which opened in 1925 and was among its first board of governors. Earlier, in 1921, he asked by biochemist and president of the World Zionist Organization. Chaim Weizmann, to raise funds for a planned university. He also submitted various suggestions about its initial program.

Among them, he suggested setting up an agricultural institute first to settle underdeveloped lands. It should be followed by a chemical institute and the Institute of Microbiology to fight various epidemics like malaria, which he called “evil” that is undermining one-third of the country’s development. The institute was also important for the inclusion of language courses offered in both Hebrew and Arabic for the scientific research of the country and its historical patterns.

Chaim Weizmann later became the first president of Israel. In November 1952, while in office, and at the urging of Israel Carlebach, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion offered Einstein the presidency of Israel, mostly a formal position. Abba Iban, Israel’s ambassador to Washington, presented the proposal, explaining that the offer “means that the Jewish people can have a deep respect for any son.

Death

On April 1, 1955, Einstein experienced internal bleeding due to the rupture of the cosmic aneurysm of the abdomen. Which previously exacerbated in 1948 by surgery by Rudolf Nissen. He drafted a speech he was preparing for a television appearance commemorating the state of Israel. Seventh anniversary in the hospital with him, but he did not live long to finish it.

Artificially prolonging life is not tasty. I’ve shared my time; now it’s time. I’ll do it nicely.” He died the next morning at the age of 76 after giving up his last breath at Princeton Hospital.

During the autopsy, Princeton Hospital pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey removed Einstein’s brain without his family permission to preserve it. The hope that future neuroscientists would be able to discover what made Einstein so intelligent. Einstein’s body buried, and his ashes scattered in unknown places.

In a memorable speech on 13 December 1965, at UNESCO headquarters, nuclear physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer summed up his idea of ​​Einstein as a person. “He was almost completely free and completely without the universe. He always had wonderful holiness with him. Once like a child and deeply stubborn.” All of the above was Albert Einstein Biography.

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