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Sunday, October 25, 2020
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A banana is an elongated, edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by a large variety of large shrubs of the genus Musa. In some countries, bananas used for cooking can be called “plantain” instead of sweet bananas. lets read the below article to know the banana history.

The fruit varies in size, color, and visibility but is usually long and curved, the starchy soft flesh is covered with a bar, which when ripe can be green, yellow, red, purple, or brown.
The fruits grow in clusters hanging from the top of the tree. Almost all modern edible seedless (parthenocarpic) bananas come from two wild species – Musa Iaquinta and Musa balbisiana.
The scientific names of the most cultivated bananas are Musa Akuminata, Musa balbisiana, and Musa parasitic hybrid Musa Akuminta 8M Balbisiana depending on their genomic constitution.
The old scientific name for this hybrid, Musa sepientium, is no longer used. Musa species are native to tropical Indomalia and Australia and maybe the first domesticated in Papua New Guinea.

banana history and benefits

Mainly for their fruit which in-country

They are grown in 135 countries mainly for their fruit and to make small amounts of fiber, banana wine, and banana beer and as ornamental plants. The largest banana producers in the world in 2017 were India and China, which together accounted for about 38% of the total production.

Globally, there is no significant difference between “bananas” and “plantains”. Especially in America and Europe, “banana” usually refers to soft, sweet, confectionery bananas, especially those of the Cavendish group which are the main export of banana-growing countries. In contrast, “Plantains” are cultivated with the fruit of Musa’s firm, starchy.

In other regions, such as Southeast Asia, many more varieties of bananas are cultivated and eaten, so the binary difference is not effective and is not made in the local language. The word “banana” is also used as a general name for the fruits of plants. It can extend to other members of the Musa family, such as scarlet bananas (Musa kokinia), pink bananas (Musa velutina), and fei bananas. It may also refer to members of the genus Inset, such as Snow Banana (Inset Glucam) and the economically important Fake Banana (Inset Ventrichosum). Both genres belong to the banana family.

Banana history

The banana tree is the largest medicinal flowering plant. All the upper parts of the banana tree grow from a single structure commonly known as “karma”. Plants are usually tall and fairly sturdy and are often mistaken for trees, but what appears to be a stem is actually a “false stem” or pseudostem.

Bananas grow in a variety of soils, as long as the soil is at least 60 centimeters (2.0 feet) deep, has good drainage, and is not infected. The leaves of the banana tree consist of a “stalk” (petiole) and a blade (lamina). The ankle of the petiole becomes wide; Tightly packed sheets form the sidestep, which supports the plant.

When the first is produced the winter edges meet, making it tubular. The edges are separated as new growths occur in the center of the pseudostem. Cultivated banana trees vary and vary in height depending on growing conditions. Most are about 5 m (16 ft) tall and range in length from 3m (10 ft) to 7 meters (23 ft) or more from ‘Dwarf Cavendish’ plants.

When a banana tree matures, the caramel stops producing new leaves and begins to spike or flower. A stem develops which grows inside the pseudostem, finally carrying immature flowers until it rises to the top. Each pseudostem usually gives birth to a single flower also known as a “banana heart”. (Sometimes more is produced; an exceptional plant in the Philippines produced five.

The pseudostem dies after fruiting, but the offshoots usually develop from the base so that the whole plant is perennial. In the planting system, the development of only one of the offsets will be allowed to maintain the gap. Inflorescences have long (sometimes incorrectly known as petals) rows of flowers.

Etymology

The word banana is thought to have originated in West Africa, probably the word of was translated from banana and into English as Spanish or Portuguese.

Taxonomy

Genus Musa was created in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus.

The name may be derived from Antonius Musa, the physician may have adapted the Arabic word for emperor Augustus or Linnaeus banana, mouse. The ancient archaeological name Musa Sepienium was derived from the “Museum of the Wise” because of its homosexuality, including classical music in Latin.

Musa is in the Musa family. The APG III system commands the mussels to zingiberene, as part of the plaque of the monochromatic flowering plant. About 70 species of Musa were recognized by the World Checklist of selected plant families as of January 2013; Most give edible fruits, others are cultivated as ornaments.

Cultivated and banana history

If I go for telling the banana history then the cultivation will bring here. The classification of cultivated bananas has long been a problem for taxonomists Linus placed bananas between two species based solely on their use as food. Musa sapanium for dessert bananas and Musa paradisiac for plants. More species names were added, but this method proved insufficient for the number of crops in the primary center of diversity of the Southeast Asian tribe. Many of these species were given names that were later discovered as synonyms.

In multiple studies published since 1947, Ernest Chizman showed that the cultivation and offspring of Musa Aquinata and Musa balbisiana. Two wild-seeded species of Musa sapanium and Musa paradisiacal in Linnaeus were first described by Luigi Aloysius Call. Chisman recommended the extinction of the species of Linnaeus in order to re-classify bananas into three distinct groups of morphologists. Those that exhibit the botanical features of Musa balbisiana. Those that exhibit the botanical features of Musa Aquinata, and both. Researchers Norman Symonds and Ken Shepherd proposed a genome-based naming system in 1955. This method eliminated almost all the problems and inconsistencies of the previous classification of bananas based on the scientific naming of cultivated varieties. Nevertheless, the original names are still recognized by some authorities, leading to confusion.

Plantains is part of banana history

In regions such as North America and Europe, the Musa fruits offered for sale can be divided into “bananas” and “plantains” based on their use as food. So banana producer and distributor Chuikita creates promotional material for the American market that says “plantain is not a banana”. The difference described is that plants are more starchy and less sweet; They are eaten cooked rather than raw; They have dense skin, which can be green, yellow, or black; And these can be used at any stage of maturation.

Linnaeus made the same distinction between planets and bananas when first naming the two “species” of Moses. Members of the “Plantain subgroup” of banana cultivation. The most important as a food of West Africa and Latin America, match the description of the Chuikita, have long pointed fruits. These are described by Platz et al. As “true” plantain, it differs from other cooking bananas. East African cuisine belongs to a different group, East African Highland bananas, so would not qualify as a “true” plantain on this definition.

An alternative method is to divide bananas into confectionery bananas and cooking bananas, plantains being one of the groups of cooking bananas. Complete m. The triploid varieties derived from Acuminata are examples of “confectionery bananas”, where the triploid varieties obtained from hybrids between M acuminata and M balbinosaur (specifically the Planten subgroup of the AAB group) are “Plantains”. Colombia’s small farmers cultivate a much wider crop than large commercial orchards. Studies of these varieties have shown that they can be grouped into at least three groups based on their characteristics: sweet bananas, plant-free cooking bananas, and herbs, although there was an overlap between sweets and cooking bananas.

banana history In Southeast Asia

the center of diversity for both bananas, wildlife, and agriculture – the distinction between “banana” and “plantain” does not work, according to Valmeyer et al, many bananas are used both raw and cooked. There are starchy cooked bananas that are smaller than eating raw. The range of colors, shapes, and sizes is much wider than the colors grown or sold in Africa, Europe, or America. Southeast Asian languages ​​do not distinguish between “bananas” and “plantains” which are made in English (and Spanish).

Originally used for cooking. Cavendish’s classic yellow dessert banana and saba cultivation are both known as Pisang in Malaysia and Indonesia. Kuai in Thailand, and Chui in Vietnam. He derives bananas, grown and eaten in the Pacific islands, from completely different wild species. Traditional endemic bananas and plants. Most of bananas are cooked but karat bananas, which are short and light red-skinned, are eaten raw, quite different from ordinary yellow dessert bananas.

In short, in European and American trades (although not in small-scale cultivation). It is possible to distinguish between “bananas”, which are eaten raw, and “plantain”, which are cooked. There are many more varieties of bananas in other parts of the world, especially in India, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands, and the double-difference is that they are not used and made in the local language. Plantain is a variety of cooking bananas, which is not always different from dessert bananas.

What’s the banana benefits.

How can something so delicious be good for you? In fact, the health benefits of banana are so impressive, we are sure that these will go into your diet. Also, get delicious, healthy banana recipes …

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Americans eat more bananas each year than any other fresh fruit.
No wonder. These are easier to grab when you’re in a hurry – and you can stash them in your purse or briefcase.
But in addition to being convenient, bananas are healthy for you. Read 11 amazing banana health benefits.

Banana is a superfood for good health

Forget the apple puts a banana doctor away during the day.
The health benefits of bananas far outweigh those of apples. This is because they contain a lot more vitamins and nutrients than round parts.
Bananas contain twice as many carbohydrates. Five times as much vitamin A and iron, and three times as much phosphorus as apples.
Vitamin C, potassium, and other vitamins and minerals help maintain overall health.
The sugar content of the fruit is balanced with fiber so it helps maintain healthy blood glucose levels. According to the American Diabetes Association, even people with diabetes can enjoy bananas. This wealth of nutrients makes bananas a “superfood” that should be an integral part of your healthy daily routine.

Get powerful Energy

A 2012 study by Appalachian State University, published in PLoS ON, found that bananas are a better source of energy than expensive sports drinks.
Two bananas provide enough calories for a 1-1 / 2-hour workout or walk.
Banana is also an ideal pick-my-up. Don’t eat coffee or sugary snacks when you feel tired and lazy in the afternoon. Grab a banana instead.
Your energy levels will be long-lasting and you will not suffer dramatic crashes due to caffeine or cake.

You may sleep better after eating a banana

It’s also caused by tryptophan, Buzzard said. “It’s a precursor to melatonin, which promotes relaxation and helps regulate sleep.” Peel off before bed.

You may get help to regulate blood pressure levels

According to the FDA, “the combination of low-sodium. High potassium intake is associated with the lowest level of blood pressure and the lowest frequency of stroke in individuals and groups.” Well, guess what? Bananas are high in potassium and low in sodium. The fruit is officially recognized by the FDA as capable of lowering blood pressure and protecting against heart attacks and strokes.

Healthier digestive system support

Do you constantly feel unwell after eating? Blame yourself for the dog? Bananas can help your poor digestion. These are a great source of prebiotic, non-digestible carbohydrates that act as food for good gut bacteria (probiotics) and improve digestion. Because they (say it with us now) are fructooligosaccharides, a cluster of fructose molecules that lead to better gastrointestinal health.

All above that tried to expose the banana history and the benefits. Banana history was the most important that for the reason a major group of students finds to know about Banana history.

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