Bangladesh Independence Day, also known as the Bangladesh Liberation War. It referred to as March 26 is a national holiday in Bangladesh. It commemorates the declaration of independence from Pakistan by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. He is the father of the nation. On March 27, 1971, before being arrested by Pakistani forces. The day commemorates the death of thousands of people killed in the Bangladesh Liberation War.
Bangladesh Independence Day usually combined with concerts, parades, political speeches, fairs, and celebrations. And several public-private events celebrating the history and heritage of Bangladesh.
TV and radio stations broadcast special events and patriotic songs in honor of Independence Day. Generally, thirty-one gun salutes are conducted in the morning. The main roads are decorated with national flags. Various political parties and socio-economic organizations took up the program with a tribute to the National Memorial National Rashtriya Soudha, near Savar, in order to commemorate the day properly.
India joined the war on December 3, 1971, after Pakistan launched an offensive in northern India. The next Indo-Pakistan war involved two wars. Pakistan surrendered on December 16, 1971, due to gaining air domination in the Eastern Theater and the rapid progress of the Allied forces of Bangladesh and India.
The war was a major episode of cold war tensions involving the United States, the Soviet Union, and the People’s Republic of China due to complex regional alliances. In 1972, the majority of the United Nations recognized Bangladesh as a sovereign country.
History of Bangladesh Independence Day
It is a great feeling that the nation is stepping into its 50th year of independence today. But the history of our freedom is as glorious as it is painful. Many freedoms have been acquired in exchange for blood and sacrifice. Today, we are honorably remembered for the well-known martyrs who have sacrificed their present to make the future of this country beautiful. We pay our respects to the architect of independence Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and all the organizers and freedom fighters of the War of Liberation.
50 years is not a very big time in the judgment of the great. But during this time, some nations have a long way to go. Today we need to be judged, how far we have been in four and a half decades of independence, what were our goals and expectations, how much has been fulfilled? Where is our failure, what is the reason? If one of the goals of independence is either to own a geographically independent state or territory, then that has been achieved. But that’s not what people expected.
The expectation of establishing a fundamental democratic system and establishing fundamental rights, including the economic liberation of the people, was widely expected in the country, free from the chains of Pakistan. The demand for simultaneous independence and democracy became stronger in Bengalis as the ruling Pakistani government refused to accept the 1970 general election verdict.
However, democracy has been established in the country after independence, but it has stumbled again and again. The continuation of this has not been maintained. As a result, democracy is still not institutionalized. Lack of consensus and intolerance in politics are also a major factor. At least national issues require unity between the government and the opposition.
French Minister André Malraux promised to fight alongside the Liberation War. Following the declaration of independence of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in March 1971, the Bangladeshi provisional government launched a worldwide campaign to shake political support for East Pakistan’s independence and humanitarian assistance for the Bengali people.
Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi gave huge diplomatic and political support to the Bangladesh movement. He visited many countries to raise awareness of Pakistani atrocities against the Bengalis. This effort was vital in the post-war period, in shaping the context of the war world and justifying military action by India. Also, after the defeat of Pakistan, it confirmed the immediate recognition of Bangladesh’s newly independent state.
Bangladesh Liberation War
The Bangladesh War of Liberation (Bengali: liberation war), also known as the Bangladesh Liberation War of Bangladesh Liberation War, was a revolution and armed conflict that sparked the rise of Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement, followed by the Bangladesh genocide of East Pakistan.
As a result, the People’s Republic of Bangladesh became independent. The battle began on the night of March 25, 1971, when a Pakistani military junta, based in West Pakistan, launched Operation Searchlight against the people of East Pakistan. It sought to eradicate the nationalist Bengali civilians, students, intellectuals, religious minorities, and armed workers.
Janta canceled the result of the 1970 elections and arrested Prime Minister Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The war ended on December 1, 1971, after the surrender of West Pakistan.
Before the partition of British India, the Lahore Resolution initially envisaged a separate Muslim-majority state in the eastern and northwestern regions of British India.
In 1946, Prime Minister Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardy proposed an independent United Bengal but opposed the colonial authorities. The East Pakistan Renaissance Society favored the establishment of a sovereign state in East British India.
Finally, political negotiations led to the formal birth of a permanent home for Muslims and Hindus and the two states of Pakistan and India, respectively, after the departure of the British in August 1947. Pakistan dominated by India with two geographically and culturally distinct regions in the east and west.
Although the two regions were equally close to the population, political power concentrated in West Pakistan and it was widely realized that East Pakistan was being exploited economically, resulting in many complaints. The administration of the two isolated regions was also seen as a challenge.
On March 25, 1971, after the victorious election by the East Pakistan Political Party (Awami League) overlooked by the ruling (West Pakistan) establishment, the growing political dissatisfaction and cultural nationalism in East Pakistan witnessed by the brutal suppressing power of the ruling party. The organization of West Pakistan, known as Operation Searchlight.
On March 26, 1971, Awami League leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared the independence of East Pakistan as a state of Bangladesh. Most Bengalis threw their support behind the move even though Islamists and Biharis opposed it and instead favored the Pakistan Army.
Pakistani President Aga Muhammad Yahya Khan has started a civil war and ordered the Pakistani army to return to the Pakistani government. As a result of this war, there was a sea of refugees (estimated at about 1 million at the time) flooding the eastern provinces of India.
A planned military operation run by the Pakistan Army – named Operation Searchlight 1971 – began March 25 to control the Bengali independence movement by controlling large cities and eliminating all opposition, political or military forces within a month.
In early March, the Pakistani state demanded the launch of Operation Searchlight based on anti-Bihar violence by the Bengalis. Before the start of the expedition, all foreign journalists planned exiled from East Pakistan. This campaign also started in the 1971 massacre of Bangladesh. This systematic assassination only infuriated the Bengalis, and finally, East Pakistan disbanded later that same year.
In the English language, Bangladeshi media and reference books have published statistics on casualties, which is more than 5,000 to 35,000 in Dakar and 2,00,000-3,00,000 for the whole of Bangladesh, though independent researchers, including the British Medical Journal, put the figure at 125,000 and 505,000.
Rudolph Rummel, the American political scientist, has given 1.5 million deaths. Brutality identified as an act of genocide. According to the Asia Times, At a meeting of military top fathers, Yahya Khan declared: “Kill three million of these and the rest will eat from our hands.
Accordingly, on the night of March 25, the Pakistani army started Operation Searchlight to “crush” Bengali power, And members of the Bangladeshi military killed. Also, where killed students and intellectuals systematically and physically direct shot Bengali men Down.
Although the violence centered on the province’s capital, Acacia, it also affected all parts of East Pakistan. The residential halls of Dacca University were particularly targeted. Estimated 600 to 700 residents killed through the Pakistani army. Hindu residential hall – Jagannath Hall – they destroyed. The Pakistani army denied any cold-blooded killings at the university through the Hamdur Rahman Commission in Pakistan concluded that the university used untoward force.
Declaration of independence
Today Bangladesh is a sovereign and independent country. The West Pakistani Armed Forces suddenly attacked Thursday night the police barracks in Rajarbagh and the EPR headquarters in Peelkhana.
Many innocent and unarmed people killed in Innocent city and elsewhere in Bangladesh. Violent clashes between the EPR are on the one hand with the police and the Pakistan armed forces on the other. The Bengalis are fighting against their enemies with great courage for an independent Bangladesh.
Sheikh Mujib urged the people to resist the occupation forces through a radio message. Rahman arrested on March 25, 1971, at around 1:30 pm (according to Radio Pakistan News March 1971). An iconic poster featuring the magnificent Yahya Khan of Qamrul Hasan, depicting the demons of the Pakistani military junta.
Major Ziaur Rahman proclaimed the Declaration of Independence on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. It is an independent Bangla radio station. I under the direction of Major Ziaur Rahman and Bangabandhu Mujibur Rahman have declared here that an independent People’s Republic of Bangladesh has been established.
At his command, I took command as the temporary head of the republic. In the name of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, I urge all Bengalis to rise against the attack on West Pakistan Army. We will fight to the end to free our homeland. Victory is, by Allah’s mercy, ours. Joy Bangla.
MA Hannan, the Chittagong Awami League leader alleged to have made the first announcement of independence on March 2, 1971, on the radio. March 26, 1971, considered the official Independence Day of Bangladesh and since then the name Bangladesh has been in effect.
In July 1971, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi publicly referred to East Pakistan as Bangladesh. Some Pakistani and Indian officials continue to use the name “East Pakistan” until December 1, 19.
Celebrating Independence Day
The celebration of Independence Day begins with a floral offering at the National Memorial. Bangladesh Independence Day celebrated in a very colorful way. The celebration begins with a floral offering at the National Memorial. The day started with 31 artillery. With the sunrise, the national flag hoisted in government, semi-government, autonomous and privately owned buildings.
The main roads and sidewalks of the city are adorned with national flags. At the National Stadium, the students of the educational institutes displayed rallies, marches, displays, and physical activities. This day is a public holiday. The magazines bring out special articles. Wireless and TV channels promote special events. Bangladesh Independence Day also has more history, if you like to read your request on the comment box.