What is the national mourning day?
Sometimes after a huge tragedy. After the death of a leader, the government of a country will declare a day of national mourning. Mourning is a way to mourn and mourn, and national mourning is a time for everyone to reflect on what happened. National mourning can only last for more than a day and it is a time when people may feel sad or reflected. To get the full concept about National mourning day Bangladesh, Please read the article patiently.
What happens during mourning?
Across dates vary around the world but usually, a large memorial service held in memory of those who died. Events, schools, and television programs can hold a minute of silence as a sign of respect. Government buildings fly their country flags in half a mast and some big events or shows may be canceled.
Personally infected people sometimes wear black clothing. How long does mourning last? People take their own time to cope with grief but national morning usually lasts a few days. Some countries have extended periods of national mourning. Sometimes it’s normal to be upset by what you read in the news.
The day national mourning day Bangladesh?
August 15 is the national day of mourning in Bangladesh. It commemorates the assassination of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, known as the ‘Father of the Nation’, on this day in 1975.
History of national mourning day Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman known as the ‘Father of the Nation’ of Bangladesh. Often referred to as ‘Mujib’ or ‘Sheikh Mujib’, he considered the chief architect of independent Bangladesh. Sheikh Mujib voted the greatest Bengali of all time as per BBC poll in 2004.
Mujib began his political career in 1949 as the co-founder of the Awami League. The League was in favor of political autonomy in East Pakistan, forming the eastern part of what was then Pakistan.
In the 1970 general elections, the Bengal-based Awami League, led by Mujibur Rahman, won an overall majority but was reluctant to hand over power to West Pakistan. On March 25, 1971, the Pakistani army used to quell the growing unrest.
With the help of India, East Pakistan defeated the Pakistani army. East Pakistan renamed and in January 1972 Mujib became the country’s first Prime Minister.
Faced with growing problems, Mujib took strict control of Bangladesh in January 1975 and became President. Mujib and most of his family members killed by a small army officer during a military coup on August 15, 1975. One of his daughters, Sheikh Hasina Wazed, was in Germany at the time. So she survived the assassination and is the current Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
As a mark of respect, the national flag will be unfurled to the government. Semi-government and autonomous organizations, educational institutions, private buildings, and Bangladesh missions abroad to the semi-workers.
The first President of Bangladesh, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (known as Sheikh Mujib or just Mujib or Bangabandhu) and almost the entire family killed on August 15, 1975, when a group of young army members went to his residence and killed him. Sheikh Mujib as part of a coup.
In the 1970 Pakistani general election, Sheikh Mujib’s party, the Awami League (formerly known as the Awami Muslim League), won a majority of seats in the Pakistani National Assembly. They won 167 of the 169 seats in East Pakistan, which would later become Bangladesh after it withdrew from West Pakistan. Despite delays in the transfer of power by Pakistan’s military government, Mujib’s house became the head of the East Pakistani government by March. At the beginning of the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, the Pakistani army arrested him at his house.
Later that year, the Provisional Government of the Bangladesh Rebellion, the Mujibnagar Government, formed on 10 April and made Mujib the chief and also the leader of the Bangladesh Armed Forces. After the defeat of Pakistani forces on 1 December 1971, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman released from prison in Pakistan on 22 December 1971 in London and then fled to Bangladesh. Three years after the independence of Bangladesh, Mujib led the government as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
He was later elected President and in June 1975 established a national unity government, the Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League (BOXAL), banning all political parties and independent press. Although Bakshal aimed to bring stability to Bangladesh and maintain law and order, it aroused animosity between the bureaucracy, the military, and civil society. Opposition parties, as well as some of Mujib’s supporters, challenged Mujib’s authoritarian, one-party state.
During Bakshal’s one-party rule
Widespread censorship and abuse of the judiciary, as well as opposition from the general public, intellectuals, and all other political parties identified. The country was in turmoil: corruption was rampant, and the food crisis and poor distribution led to a catastrophic famine. The nationalization of the industry failed to make any real progress The failed government was not only weak and without a clear goal, but the country was also almost bankrupt. In the Far Eastern Economic Review, journalist Lawrence Lifsaltz wrote in 1974 that “corruption and misuse and plunder of national resources” were “unprecedented” in Bangladesh.
The leftist uprising of 1972 to 1975 was widely blamed for creating the conditions leading up to the killings. In 1972, a leftist party called Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal (JSD) formed after splitting into Bangladesh Chhatra League. A student organization of Bangladesh Awami League. The Jasad, led by Colonel Abu Taher and politician Hasanul Haque Inu. Launched a political genocide of government supporters. Awami League members, and police through its armed wing, the Gonobahini. Their campaign contributed to breaking law and order in the country and paved the way for Mujib’s assassination.
Anger in the army
Anthony Mascarenhas writes in his book Bangladesh: The Legacy of Blood that the army already dissatisfied with Sheikh Mujib; However, he cites a specific factor behind the final attack as influential: Mozammel, a contemporary youth leader in Tongi, kidnapped the bride’s housewife, killed her driver and husband, abducted her and gang-raped her for three days. Then his bloody body was left on the street. Mozammel arrested by Major Nasser and handed over to the police, but the police released him immediately. At that time many thought that only with the intervention of Sheikh Mujib he released from the punishment of that crime. The incident fueled discontent in the army against Sheikh Mujib and served as one of the last-minute effects behind his assassination.
Major Syed Farooq Rahman; Khandaker Abdur Rashid; Shariful Haque Dalim; And Mohiuddin Ahmed, AK. M. Mohiuddin Ahmed, Bazlul Huda, and S. H. They had previously been part of Bakshal’s opposition and saw the government as a threat to India’s subordination and to Bangladesh’s military. Under Mujib’s government, Awami League cabinet minister Khandaker Mushtaq Ahmed agreed to take over the presidency. Journalist Lawrence Lifeschultz paints an alternative picture of the conspiracy, involving Mostaq and the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
In his book Bangladesh: Incomplete Revolution, he writes that “Philip Cherry, the head of the CIA station in Dhaka. Was actively involved in the assassination of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The father of the nation.” It alleged that Army Aminul Islam Khan and Chief Major General Kazi Mohammad Shafiullah, From the Army Intelligence Division Vice Marshal, were aware of the conspiracy.
On early August 15, 1975, the conspirators split into four groups. A group of Bengal Lancers of the 1st Armored Division and members of the 535th Infantry Division under Major Hooda raided Mujib’s house. Sukhranjan Dasgupta, a correspondent for the Anandabazar newspaper. Described the liberation war in Bangladesh in Dhaka until 1974, wrote in his book Midnight Massacre in Mid-Dhaka that “the exact details of this massacre will always remain a mystery.” He added, however, that the army platoon guarding the president’s house did not offer any resistance.
Mujib’s son Sheikh Kamal was shot on the ground floor of the reception area. Meanwhile, Mujib asked to resign and given time to consider his choice. He telephoned Col. Jamil Uddin Ahmed, the new chief of military intelligence. When Jamil appeared and ordered the soldiers to return to the barracks. He was shot dead at the gate of the house. Mujib shot dead after he refused to resign.
Others killed in the attack were Mujib’s wife, Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Mujib, who killed upstairs; Mujib’s younger brother Sheikh Nasser, who died in Labari; Several of Mujib’s servants, who died in the lavatory; Sheikh Jamal, Mujib’s second son and army officer; Ten-year-old Sheikh Russell, Mujib’s youngest son; And Mujib’s two daughters-in-law.
In Dhanmondi, Mujib’s nephew Sheikh Fazlul Haque Moni and an Awami League leader and his pregnant wife Arju Moni and Mujib’s brother-in-law Abdur Rob Serniabat killed. Two other groups of soldiers in Dhanmondi. They killed a government minister and thirteen members of his family on Mintu Road.
The fourth and strongest group sent to Savar to repel the expected counter-attack by the security forces stationed there. The security forces surrendered after a brief battle and eleven people killed. All these were about national mourning day Bangladesh.